This gave all concerned quite a scare and it was decided to rely on other technical means. The covert outfit recruited Tibetan exiles (now it has a mixture of Tibetans and Gorkhas) and was initially named Establishment 22 (Major Gen Sujan Singh Uban, an Artillery officer who raised the group, named it after the 22 Mountain Regiment he commanded). If this statement isn’t a giveaway, what is revealing is that in the report, Pandit notes that commandos from the Special Frontier Force (SFF) were involved in the operations. © Provided by The Indian Express The Special Frontier Force (SFF) is an Indian special force created on 14 November 1962.It is formed with the Tibetan refugees lived in India. So SFF mountaineers went off on one more mission in December 1969 to successfully place a gas-powered device on an undisclosed mountain, supposedly in Chinese-controlled areas. Independent formations of Tibetan (including Ladakhi, Bön, Sikkimese and now Gurkha) units were to patrol and police the lands they were native to. , SFF was part of major combat operations during the Indo-Pakistani War of 1971. About: Special Frontier Force (SFF). As the force was envisaged as one that would work behind enemy lines, all SFF soldiers are trained parachutists. 22 or Special Frontier Force represents a military alliance/pact between the United States, India, and Tibet to confront the military threat posed by the Communist Red Dragon’s occupation of Tibet since 1950. , Based in Chakrata, Uttarakhand, the force was put under the direct supervision of the Intelligence Bureau (IB), and later the Research and Analysis Wing (RAW), India's external intelligence agency, and is not part of the Indian Army but functions under their operational control with its own rank structure, charter and training infrastructure. In 1964 intelligence reports kept indicating that China was preparing to test a nuclear weapon at its Lop Nor nuclear installation in Xinjiang. One such rare example is that of the “Special Frontier Force” or its better to call them the India’s Incognito Force. , Ethnically, the unit is a mixture of Tibetans and Gurkhas from Nepal. Recounting the toughness of the Special Frontier Force commandos, Captain Manmohan Singh Kohli said, “The SFF men were real tough… Once, when we were building a helipad a large rock had to be removed. 10 Guards, 1 Para Commandos and Special Frontier Force (SFF) would attack from the main entrance of the complex, and 26 Madras and 9 Kumaon battalions from the hostel complex side entrance from the south. It is commonly believed that the SFF was raised by India in coordination with US intelligence agencies. It was envisaged that women working alongside men would be able to provide better camouflage. The original task as envisaged was clandestine operations behind the lines in Tibet.  The unit conducted limited cross-border reconnaissance missions as well as highly classified joint operations with the CIA in 1965 on Mount Nanda Devi in the Himalayas. Also in Explained | In India-China standoff in Ladakh, why Chushul is critical, © Provided by The Indian Express The actual efforts called for the placement of a permanent ELINT device powered by a nuclear SNAP 19C power pack fuel cell. During the same period, the Indian government also formed the Ladakh Scouts and the Nubra Guards paramilitary forces on similar lines. Starting in late October and November 1971, elements of the force were sent to Mizoram. Tibetans have been a part of the modern Indian Army for as long as it has existed. In Disney's G-Force the video game, by using each G-Force character's unique talents and gadgets, players can speed through areas, fly to high altitudes or even slow down time. ", Bollywood Sargam – Special: Tibetan faujis in Bluestar, "Explained: What is the Special Frontier Force, referred to as Vikas Battalion? A large number of them received bravery awards. Former Army Chief Gen Dalbir Singh held that office at one point. In October 1967 the Chinese began testing an ICBM capable of reaching targets 6000 miles away. The SFF was raised by the Intelligence Bureau in the immediate aftermath of the 1962 China-India war. Special Frontier Force has been involved in several covert operations including the 1971 war, Operation Blue Star in Golden Temple Amritsar, Kargil conflict, and in counter-insurgency operations in the country. During the time of the Great Game, the British Indian Army began to employ Tibetans as spies, intelligence agents, and even covert militia in northern India and Tibet proper. SFF is directly reports to the PMO (Prime Minister office). Any Unit comprising SFF are called Vikas Batttalion. Women soldiers too form part of SFF units, and are given the same training as men.  It has been part of border operations against China, including the 2020 China–India skirmishes. If New Delhi is bold enough to openly oppose this fact, it is clearly aware of the consequences and shooting itself in the foot.”, Like us on Facebook to see similar stories, Need to protect Tagore’s Bengal from BJP’s communal politics, Bigg Boss 14: Rakhi Sawant-Jasmin Bhasin's fight leaves Twitter with mixed reactions — read tweets, Suresh Raina: I see retirement as freedom, now nobody tells me what to do, Wall Street Slips From Record Levels, Additional Stimulus Uncertain, What is a silent heart attack? Recruits are imparted special forces training by the Army. The SFF was raised by the Intelligence Bureau in the immediate aftermath of the 1962 China-India war. There are several other operations that … On the ground, it is headed by an Inspector General who is an Army officer of the rank of Major General.  The US government pulled out the CIA from the training program as relations with India soured in the early 1970s during the period of Cold War, with the Sino-Soviet split and Richard Nixon's 1972 visit to China for improving the bilateral relationship. Nurturing the desire of walking the route opened by Tenzing Norgay and Edmund Hillary 50 years ago, the 35-year-old Naik Subedar of the Special Frontier Force of the army realized his dream by scaling the peak from the southeast route on May 24, 2001. Special Frontier Force soldier Nyima Tenzin’s funeral ceremony was the first acknowledgement of the role played by Tibetans in India’s elite SFF border units india Updated: Oct 19, 2020, 10:55 IST SFF was later incorporated into the Special Services Bureau. Its main goal originally was to conduct covert operations behind Chinese lines in the event of another Sino-Indian War. But A Tom Grunfeld, history professor at the State University of New York, wrote in a paper in 2000 that the Indian government had created a “Tibetan military force called the Special Frontier Force with US support” and “eventually 12,000 Tibetans were trained by US Special Forces (Green Berets) and partly funded by the US to operate from bases along the Kashmir frontier where they crossed the border into Tibet planting electronic listening devices”. SFF is a special force of India created on 14 November 1962. Initially, the para training takes place at Sarsawa near Saharanpur, where the Aviation Research Centre, R&AW's covert air wing, has a base. , There are many theories about what happened. Details of many operations, however, are classified. Does India dare to openly recognize ‘Tibet secessionism’ and deny that Tibet is an inalienable part of China? The SFF's weapons were all provided by the USA and consisted mainly of M-1, M-2 and M-3 sub-machine guns. In 1964, the SFF, led by the Inspector General, began its airborne training at Agra. The urgency to gather information was never greater. Published by Playpark Inc. in partnership with Dragonfly in Southeast Asia. (Wikimedia Commons) Chakrata, Uttarakhand, where SFF personnel are trained in stealth combat and scouting techniques. , During the 2020 China–India skirmishes, SFF were reported to have conducted operations in Ladakh, including the capture of heights near Pangong Tso. The Special Frontier Force also known as Vikas Regiment aka Establishment 22 is India’s Elite Special forces unit which mainly focuses its operations against the Chinese Action.The Special Frontier Force is not a part of Indian Army but they function under the operational control of Army. (Twitter). Why in News? , SFF was raised with covert operations in mind, mainly along the Indo-China border; however, SFF has been fielded by the RAW and the Indian government in various covert and overt operation theatres..  During this activity, on 1 September 2020, company leader Nyima Tenzin of SFF died in a landmine blast when undertaking a reconnaissance mission along the line of actual control. Subsequently renamed SSF, it now falls under the purview of the Cabinet Secretariat. This mission was successful but a couple of years later another problem cropped up: snow would pile up over the antenna and render it blind. It needed seven men to lift — even six wouldn’t do. All about Special Frontier Force, the secretive Indian unit in news after Ladakh clash SFF, primarily drawn from Tibetan refugees, was formed in the immediate aftermath of the 1962 war with China. By late 1963, inter-service rivalry led to severe criticism by the Indian Army. At the time of Indian independence, the Northern Hills of India remained the most isolated and strategic…  The SFF Task Force was able to block a potential escape route for East Pakistani forces into Burma. Did you know that RAW and CIA have given training to SFF? 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Each battalion has around 800 troopers. Space Force Vows to Defend the Final Frontier in New Recruiting Ad Image from a recruitment advertisement released Oct., 29, 2020 of a rocket with the Space Force … Initial training was conducted by the Intelligence Bureau Special Operations Unit. With the fall of Dhaka and Lieutenant General A.A.K. 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